Wednesday, September 2, 2020

Islam Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Islam - Essay Example This we have gained from our Prophet, Mohammed. The technique for bathing is determined by the Prophets idiosyncrasies. A great part of the Sunnah has been gathered in Traditions of the Prophet known as Hadith. Not all Hadith are viewed as standard be that as it may, and the investigation of Hadith is an arrangement of information in unto itself. These understandings are the foundation of Islamic Life even in America. Islamic design is utilized in the present homes and mosques and work places. Maybe most eminent are the domed tops of about all administration communities. From region town halls to state legislative halls to the congress, the arch is an image of Islamic custom as barrowed from illuminated Europeans. It is realized that brotherly associations focused on the arrangement of a freed America. These associations regularly draw from old images of the close to east, one of which is the domed engineering. As a recovery of such techniques proclaim, we see an ever increasing number of vaults and minarets in America - sign Muslim people group are coming back to conventional Islamic design. The amount of what we are aware of present day society might be followed back to the appearance of Islamic culture Bin Fadlan a 11 century Persian researcher described something of the state to which Europe had fallen after the breakdown of the Roman Empire. Brute clans had invaded Europe and society had fallen into the vicious confusion of medieval fiefs. Average citizens endured and obliviousness ruled.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Diversity in the workplace Essay Example for Free

Assorted variety in the working environment Essay a.) Diversity in the working environment is perceived emphatically from numerous points of view, and can make up a solid workforce of all angles inside various associations. These incorporate an assortment old enough, sex, their experience, race, religion, inability, sexual direction, and character or even the style of how someone functions. Every one of these elements make a differing work power. By grasping these elements into the day by day running of an association it very well may be advantageous for both business and worker, working charmingly where everyone feels esteemed and regarded. New abilities are found and individuals are treated as people and are not generalized because of prevalent views. see more:explain the rule of educated decision Bosses must submit to, rehearse and coordinate all parts of the Equality Act 2010 as a lawful prerequisite. Representatives of the association can assist with making and complete these approaches and have the obligation of guaranteeing a positive result in workforce assignments. Having a more extensive region of abilities and gifts to browse will help produce new thoughts helping the association to run easily and surpass accomplishment on new levels. The working environment becomes host to diversity’s benefits perceiving the various terms of information and contrasts in all business related zones. In feeling esteemed and regarded as an individual this ponders people work persona in a constructive manner, identifying with clients and working better when all is said in done to accomplish the associations vital targets and objectives. The Equality Act 2010 was presented on first October 2010 and is a key bit of enactment. This Act gives the general lawful rules that ensure the individual’s rights in the work environment and gives the right enactment that advances opportunity among every single differing stage. The key demonstrations that include the go about overall seem to be: * Equal Pay Act 1970 * Sex Discrimination Act 1975 * Race Relations Act 1976 * Disability Discrimination Act 1995 * Employment Equality (Religion or Belief) Regulations 2003 * Employment Equality (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2003 * Employment Equality (Age) Regulations 2006 * Equality Act 2006, Part 2 * Equality Act (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2007 Inside the working environment there are arrangements/strategies and enactment materials that businesses and representatives can have simple access to on an everyday premise by utilizing the associations in house frameworks, for example, intranet or organization site which will have areas explicitly focused to that zone of the business. These wellsprings of data can be promptly accessible at the snap of a catch. By approaching the HR division this likewise can offer an abundance of data concerning organization arrangements, organization enactments, handbooks and data with respect to the courses and preparing that can additionally foundation information on this data and would then be able to permit the two gatherings to incorporate what they have realized. b.) It is of the most noteworthy significance to ensure we are on the whole working in a sound and safe condition and it is the obligation of all staff to take sensible consideration of your own wellbeing and security and of others. It is essential to adhere to guidelines and help out the wellbeing and security office on administrative issues that will emerge and to go to pertinent wellbeing and security preparing where important. We should likewise acclimate with the wellbeing security at work manuals these can be found on the DRI intranet or the Human Resources division. We should report any wounds, strains or ailments because of your activity job or potential perils and deformities saw in the work environment to the wellbeing security office, so they can be settled before it can prompt potential heightening. In acknowledgment of these issues it is significant that you use the organization offices for instance this could be through utilizing of VDU’s (visual showcase unit) which might cause eye strain because of delayed use. The organization can repay the expense of scenes and focal points. On the off chance that in explicit divisions you require individual defensive gear (PPE) or satisfactory government assistance offices, these are utilized complimentary and it is significant you inform wellbeing security office, should you have to arrange more. This is a principal rule when working with rough items. It is additionally imperatively essential to us you that you have the right measure of rest breaks during the working day. Security of all representatives is pivotal, so we should try to coxcomb all through the structure when showing up or leaving the structure in order to securely get to the structure and have a record of when and what times you leave during the day. In the event that you happen to leave the dandy at home or lose it you should contact gathering to be furnished with a transitory or a substitution from finance. On the off chance that you are expecting a guest you should demand they sign all through the structure no matter what this guarantees we have a record of who has been in and out of the structure should an occurrence happen. By working in a solid and safe condition we can stay persuaded and enthused so as to forestall occurrences happening. We can be positive about our working environment environmental factors making progress toward a greatly improved working climate. The two kinds of dynamic made at DRI (Diamond Resorts International) are those of operational choices which are done on the regular running of the business, and choices got from different offices (deliberately) which factors in senior administration staff to settle on long haul choices for the business and to stick point the course the business is going to take with progressively gainful impacts. Operational choices are comprised of key stages that we deliberately follow; right off the bat we recognize the choice and dissect all variables. Matrix Analysis is one phase in the process that encourages you to settle on a few alternatives, where you have to consider a wide range of variables. An elective way is likewise working out the upsides and downsides of that zone introducing it to you in balance. A case of utilizing lattice investigation; in the key phases of deciding. By counseling a group head and arranging a gathering meeting you will have the option to acquire thoughts and guidance from every single educated body and talk with ranking staff before a choice is made. This can give you more extensive pool of roads to consider while experiencing the key stages. On the off chance that the choice to be made is transcendently made by two individuals from discrete gatherings they should have the information to haggle with one another to execute the choice and be fulfilled in all regions. The utilization of criticism is significant in these key stages as it permits us to pick up input from individuals who hold down various occupation jobs and duties; subsequently are given a variety of data that may aid a ultimate conclusion. Most operational choices are being made everyday by group pioneers and departmental supervisors which factor in group member’s help and perspectives. Offices that manage increasingly official choices will have a bigger range of control; when an administrator directs the everyday smooth running of his/her branch of staff. When preparing hands on job we are prepared to recognize what choice would should be alluded through for endorsement. A case of this would be the technique that Human assets office at Diamond Resorts follow which is known as a Recruitment Authorisation structure (SRAF), this is utilized for the enrollment of any new individual from staff. On the off chance that the Resort Manager at Pine Lake needed to enlist another servant she would fill this structure in and send it to the HR division. HR survey this by checking we are paying the right compensation or the quantity of hours worked is sensible. It is then sent to the Regional Director (Carmina Saiz) for endorsement. Once came back to us with endorsement we solicit Vice President from European Resort Operations (Suzana Gomercic) for endorsement. When affirmed HR at that point send the structure, to Executive Vice-President Steve Bell, for conclusive endorsement just when these procedures happen can the enrollment procedure start. At every one of these levels the approver can possibly decay the solicitation or to roll out an improvement, for instance, to propose the hours worked ought to be 40 hours rather than 37 hours. This would involve the range of control experiencing the various procedures recognizing who might support every choice before a changeless choice is made. Assignment 2 a.) The Importance of arranging organizing work at DRI †Notes for direction To help bolster you and accomplish to the best quality here at Diamond Resorts International it is significant you can design and be sorted out so as to fulfill the set time constraints for the every day running of the considerable number of offices. It is significant that you can utilize your time accurately to guarantee that all cutoff times are met thus that you can accomplish the necessary objectives and objectives’ in day by day set errands to help others in their obligations to other people. We have various offices at DRI and it is significant we use them so as to be auspicious and productive, and permit all results of the day be less distressing for you and your colleagues. * The internet mailing framework is a key piece of the association and is fundamentally significant for the outside interchanges and imparting inside all divisions around the structure. Journal frameworks are extremely helpf ul for booking/alluding back to arrangements and can be utilized to plan any errands or work you may need to organize before the day's end. * You may approach distinctive calendars’ for meeting rooms around the structure. By picking up this entrance it permits you to see who and what time a room is reserved out for, empowering you to book in and around it for yourself or upon a solicitation by means of another colleague. This could incorporate any guests meeting with you or senior administration. The schedule sends yo

Friday, August 21, 2020

The Top 5 Things I Learned in my Internship

The Top 5 Things I Learned in my Internship Being an assistant is a preliminary run for the field you think you need to work in. In 90 days or so your preliminary is up. In any case, at that point what? Did you really get the hang of something that relates to your proposed major?â Is it something you see yourself accomplishing for a considerable length of time to come? In school, make the most of entry level position openings. Trust me. You can never begin too soon in your vocation to pick up understanding, and there is nothing of the sort as an excessive amount of temporary position understanding. From sophomore year in school, I began interning at various organizations. As an understudy, I needed to realize what my qualities and shortcomings were and what I really needed to do with my life after I earned my degree. As a promoting major, my field was wide, so interning was such an extraordinary hands-on understanding. Interning with various organizations in various promoting jobs helped me limited down what I really delight ed in doing.Here are a few hints I have learned all through my experiences.Source: [GIPHY]Step out of your solace zone.An temporary position is your chance to attempt new things andâ surprise yourself. Evaluating new open doors helped me challenge myself. Regardless of whether I had no idea on the most proficient method to do a specific task, I would in any case take it on. It was the ideal time for me to learn and develop. Regardless of whether before the finish of it I hated a specific errand, I would even now feel accomplished.Always ask questions.Don’t be reluctant to approach inquiries or for exhortation. Individuals love to offer guidance. Regardless of whether it is exhortation about your field, criticism on execution, or even vocation moves, they are normally glad to help. Approaching inquiries is an incredible icebreaker for your associates to find out about you, and no one can tell what you may realize over some espresso and a conversation.Get required inside the c ompany.Understand the organization you are interning for; go past what the site says and truly jump into it. Organization culture is something critical to focus on. How does the organization you are interning for treat its workers? Additionally, interning is an incredible systems administration opportunity-while you’re there, become acquainted with about the various divisions and what they do. What's more, constantly offer to loan some assistance on a portion of their tasks if at any time needed.Shine through your work.Go well beyond in your work. Don’t be a good-for-nothing. Make yourself significant for the organization no one can really tell whenever openings may ascend for what's to come. Your hard working attitude is significant. It’s the easily overlooked details you do that make you stand separated from the rest. Step up to the plate and obligation and complete undertakings precisely and in an auspicious way. In the event that there is no set cutoff time, make your own, consider yourself responsible, and don’t dawdle. This isn't school where you can leave things for the absolute last minute.Send a â€Å"thank you† card toward the finish of the internship.Handwritten notes/cards are one thing that will never become unfashionable they’ll consistently put a grin on someone’s face. When composing your card notice what you gained from the temporary position. Thank your primary contactâ for allowing you a chance to pick up understanding and learn. Go that additional mile and give back some appreciation.Source: [GIPHY]

Thursday, June 4, 2020

TV Violence A Cause of Abnormal Behavior - Free Essay Example

Television is viewed by millions of people around the world on a daily basis. Every time you turn a television on, you witness explosions from bombings, threats, just violence in general, and that is just from the news channel itself. But television is not just bad, it could be beneficial as well. Media has also been shown to reduce stress, inspire creativity and promote healthy living. But how exactly is television affecting us on a day to day basis? Television affects people because it has been known to promote fear, shows risky behavior that can affect a childs actions, and affect brain development. Fear is an unpleasant emotion caused by the belief that someone or something dangerous is likely to be a threat. People have been afraid of many things since they were a child, but why is that? Fear has been known to be promoted by television. According to Television Opposing Viewpoints, violent programming encourages hostile behavior and leads people to think of the world as threatening and dangerous(Gale, 19). This shows that watching the news for example from a childs point of view makes them believe that the world is scary or even watching a scary movie could make them be afraid of the dark. Although there is nothing bad with having fear, there could be some good things that come from being afraid. Being afraid guides us towards what is important to us and motivates us into doing action. It also triggers reflexes that allows you to know what is right from what is wrong. For example according to, it could increase your survival rate like how your ancestors ran away f rom a tiger as a way to survive because of the fear of being eaten. Fear is what kept them alive but could also lead to risky behavior because being afraid of the outside world leads them to turn to other forms of solution to try to get away from fear. Risky behavior is said to those who expose themselves or others into harm. It is another thing affecting a childs behavior due to television. Drug abuse is an example of risky behavior that comes with consequences. Advertisements of alcohol abuse are seen every day as well as drug abuse such as smoking. Smoking advertisements were banned due to the fact that cigarette advertising have restricted their coverage of smoking and health in the 1970s according to Even though we dont see smoking advertisements anymore, you could often see people abusing this substance in television programs and movies. Many children who watch television more than five hours see people abusing the substance and makes them believe that smoking could be okay to use. The same goes with liquor, but unlike cigarettes, you see liquor advertisements daily. According to a recent study by the Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth found that adolescent presentation to liquor ads on TV expanded by 30 percent from 2001 to 2006. Watching programs with drug abuse as a child make them more likely for them to abuse in their early teens. Smoking at a young age causes it to be more likely to have lung cancer due to the inhaling of the smoke and seeing beer and liquor advertisements on television may promote early age drinking which could later lead to alcohol-related problems. Drug abuse could also cause problems in the brain. The brain is a complex organ made up of more than a hundred billion nerves. The brain is very important to us and television could be a big factor that affects its development. According to about two-thirds of children age six and under watch television every day, usually for around two hours. Infants exposure to television has been linked to delayed language development and kindergarten readiness skills. Urban child institute also says that TV use at age three has been linked to behavior problems and to long-term effects on social development, classroom engagement, and academic achievement. This states that watching too much television at a really early age could mean children putting in less effort into school which could be bad for them later on in life. Irregular sleeping habits could also affect the brain because it is allowing people to have less sleep and therefore their brain will not functioning correctly during the day. As much as there is bad things that are involved in watching television at a young age, there are also good things that come with watching it so young. Watching television at a young age could encourage active viewing. According to Strategies that actively engage young children during screen time include asking open-ended questions and also knowing to pause play. In conclusion, television affects people because it has been known to promote fear, shows risky behavior that can affect a childs actions, and affect brain development. Although there are more reasons why television affects people, there are also many reason why watching television could be good for you. Media has been shown to reduce stress, inspire creativity and promote healthy living. Media could also encourage active viewing. More than two-thirds of children watch at least two hours or more of television everyday. This could lead them to the exposure of drugs and alcohol abuse, unwanted fear or aggression, and affect brain development.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Use of Romanticism in Development of Characters in The...

Use of Romanticism in Development of Characters in The Scarlet Letter In Hawthornes revered novel The Scarlet Letter, the use of Romanticism plays an important role in the development of his characters. He effectively demonstrates individualism in Hester to further our understanding of the difficulties of living in the stern, joyless world of Puritan New England. It is all gloom and doom. If the sun ever shines, one could hardly notice. The entire place seems to be shrouded in black. The people of this society were stern, and repressed natural human impulses and emotions than any society before or since. But for this reason specifically, emotions began bubbling and eventually boiled over, passions a novelist†¦show more content†¦But Hester turns her back on these escape routes. She stays in the settlement, shackled, as if by an iron chain of guilt, to the scene of her crime and punishment. As Hester stands on the scaffold, thinking of her husband, he appears before her startled eyes at the edge of the crowd. And his first gest ure is indicative of the man. Whatever shock or dismay he may feel at seeing his wife on the scaffold he immediately supresses his emotions and makes his face the image of calm. The glance he bends on Hester is keen and penetrative. Here is someone used to observing life rather than participating in it. His is a furrowed visage (43). Chillingworth looks like a man who has cultivated his mind at the expense of another faculties - a perilous enterprise, in Hawthornes view (Loring 187). Where his overbearing intellect will take him, Hawthorne wants us to think that he could be the catalyst for great conflicts later in the novel. Chillingworths finger raised to his lips, commanding Hesters silence, begins a pattern of secrecy that is the mainspring of the novels plot; a secrecy that Hester must maintain in order to protect both her and her husband from the harshness of the Puritans. Hawthornes emphasis on the ability of Chillingworth to analyze the human mind and reasoni ng foreshadows his treatment of Dimmesdale later in the novel. Hawthorne shows that while Hester realizesShow MoreRelatedRomanticism Is Essential to the American Culture954 Words   |  4 PagesRomanticism is essential to the American culture. It was sought out to be the central movement of the American Renaissance, being most mediated through transcendentalism and it continues to influence on American thought and writing. â€Å"Romanticism has very little to do with things popularly thought of as romantic, although love may occasionally be the subject of Romantic art. 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Nathaniel Hawthorne was a very successful writer, his writing consists of many elements like abnormal psychology, dreams, depression, bipolar disorder, schizophreniaRead MoreSymbolism in the Masque of the Red Death by Edgar Allen Poe1655 Words   |  7 PagesProspero whose town is being plagued by the dreaded Red Death. He attempts to avoid the plague by inviting 1,000 of his closest friends, all of which are variably different, to isolate themselves in his palace. Throughout the story, Poe frequently uses symbolism to depict the theme of the Red Death. Poe was a master of the English language and even laid hints to the overall theme of the story with simple symbolic phrases. At one point he describes the rooms as densely packed and in them beat feverishlyRead MoreThe History of American Literature3501 Words   |  15 PagesAmerican literature and eventually provided material for American fiction. While still religious in tone and purpose, captivity narratives emphasized the experiences of individuals. They also incorporated many of the fundamentals of fiction, making use of characters, dramatic action and setting. The Salem witch trials of 1692 were another period in early American history that affected literature. As accusations of witchcraft in a Massachusetts town resulted in the execution of 14 women and 6 men, CottonRead MoreLeaves And Survivor Essay2472 Words   |  10 Pageswas the single most important progenitor of the modern novel.† ( ) The development of the realistic novel owes much of its elements to Don Quix ote. ( ) The major seventeenth-century philosophers, Descartes and Locke, were a huge influence on the new form of literature. They taught the importance of individual experience and believed that reality could be discovered through them. ( ) Another prominent figure in the development of the novel is Daniel Defoe with Robinson Crusoe and Moll Flanders. He

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

The City Limits A .R .Ammons -

Question: Select only one poem to write about - choose from Charles Simic, James Wright, A.R Ammons, or Yusef Komunyakaa. Please choose a poem other than the one we discussed in class. Step 1: Write the poem out as it appears - please provide this in the actual discussion board. Physically writing out a text can help a reader to gain a better understanding to the details, the decisions in the construction of the poem, the language, to consider the words, diction, tone, sound. Step 2: provide a close analysis of the poem you have chosen. First: consider several things: how the speaker functions in the poem (for example, think of the personae in Jericho Brown's poem, compared to the direct "I" in James Wright's, or the strange, omnipotent formula with which Charles Simic approaches 'Tapestry' ); consider the setting of the poem - both its sense of time and place, and how much these do or do not provide significance to the piece; consider the tone of the poem, desribe it - its style of language, its word choices, its rhetoric - is it emotional, logical, ethical, political? - consider also how much this tone effects the mood of the overall piece (recall us using adjectives like downtrodden, bold, dark, bitter, destructive to desribe Jericho Brown's 'Summertime'); of course, each poem is different, some providing more reason to consider the above-mentioned things, while others not so much - thus, you DO NOT need to write about ALL these things if you believe t hey are not significant in the overall experience of the poem; the main goal in this writing assignment is to discuss your interpretation of what the poem is about, and how the several above-mentioned things (speaker, setting, tone, sound, structure) help the poem in achieving its interpretive meaning(s) andoverall effect. When you consider the radiance, that it does not withhold itself but pours its abundance without selection into every nook and cranny not overhung or hidden; when you consider that birds bones make no awful noise against the light but lie low in the light as in a high testimony; when you consider the radiance, that it will look into the guiltiest swervings of the weaving heart and bear itself upon them, not flinching into disguise or darkening; when you consider the abundance of such resource as illuminates the glow-blue bodies and gold-skeined wings of flies swarming the dumped guts of a natural slaughter or the coil of shit and in no way winces from its storms of generosity; when you consider that air or vacuum, snow or shale, squid or wolf, rose or lichen, each is accepted into as much light as it will take, then the heart moves roomier, the man stands and looks about, the leaf does not increase itself above the grass, and the dark work of the deepest cells is of a tune with May bushes and fear lit by breadth of such calmly turns to praise Answer: The City Limits A .R .Ammons The City Limits by A. R. Ammons has a similarity with the other poems wriiten by him or the thematic genre of poetry followed by the poet and that is of exploring the uneasy relationship and association that exists in the daily life between the modern civilization that has been established and developed by the human kind and the natural world that is there (Ammons, 1990). This particular poem centers the argument that it is in fact possible for nature to hold the paradoxical situations mentioned by the poet and still be stable at the same time. At first the description given by the poet seems to be unreal and does not at all fit or go together for example when the solidity of the bones of the birds is put just beside the insubstantial nature of the sunlight (Bloom, 1986). The images put together that are so inconsistent with each other can be said to be the various secrets of the human heart that exists with all the other opposing things in the whole world. With the progression in the poem, the reader can easily find how the concentration or focus of the poem moves towards the opposites that can be seen in nature around us in a world where modern civilization exists in stark contrast to that of the natural world around us. There are many variations that can be found in this particular poem. The phrase when you consider used by the poet has been used to denote different meanings and to explore different situations at the different positions and places of the poem. This is what intrigues the reader to go into the depth of the poem and understand the poem by understanding the logic behind the usage of the language in this manner. In the fifth line, the poem comes up with the image of the birds bones and this is what triggers the mixing of the sensory images as it brings together the sound of bones which were mentioned in the fourth line and the way in which this particular sound would exist within the visual boundary of the realm of light. References: Ammons, A. (1990).The really short poems of A.R. Ammons. New York: W.W. Norton. Bloom, H. (1986).A.R. Ammons. New York: Chelsea House Publishers.

Sunday, April 19, 2020

Kennedy Assassination Essays - Single-bullet Theory,

Kennedy Assassination Adolf Hitler, the Nazi dictator of Germany during World War II, once said, "The bigger the lie, the more people will believe it." Although this may sound ludicrous, we can see many example of this in the world's history. One example would have to be the John Fitzgerald Kennedy assassination. For over thirty years the people of the United States were led to believe that a single gunman shot and killed Kennedy in Dallas on November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m... However, in this paper, I will dispute the ancient analization of the facts that show a single gunman was involved, and try to show that a conspiracy must have been present.According to the old facts regarding the case of the JFK assassination, Kennedy was killed by a single gunman. On November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. CST (Central Standard Time),Kennedy was riding in an open limousine through Dallas, Texas. At this time, Kennedy was shot in the head and neck by a sniper. He was then taken to Parkland Memorial Hospital,where he was pronounced dead. Later, police arrested Lee Harvey Oswald, a former U.S. Marine, at a nearby theater. By the next morning, Oswald was booked for the murder of President John F. Kennedy. Two days later, Oswald was killed by Jack Ruby, a Dallas nightclub owner, while he was being moved from the city to the county jail. At a glance, the above story sounds as if this should be an open-and-shut case. After all, according to the facts above, Oswald must have killed Kennedy. However, you must take a deeper look into this case. Many people who witnessed the murder of John F. Kennedy dispute the facts above, saying that they heard shots from places besides the book depository, and other things that may contradict what is stated above. One of these witnesses, Abraham Zapruder, captured the entire assassination on his Bell and Howell eight millimeter movie camera. This movie, cleverly called the Zapruder Film,is the single best piece of visual evidence in this case. In order to more clearly understand the Zapruder Film, it is necessary to break it down into frames. The particular Bell and Howell movie camera that Zapruder was using ran at eighteen and three-hundredths (18.3) frames per second. When using this frame system, you must remember that all shots were actually fired several frames before the number that is assigned to them. For example, the fatal heard wound, called Z313, was probably fired at Z310, since it took 2-3 frames at 18.3 frames per second for the bullet to reach the victim. Also, you must remember that sound travels at about one thousand-one hundred(1,100) feet per second, or a little over half as fast as the Mannlicher Carcano's bullets. When keeping this in mind, it is expected that witnesses heard the shot at some point after the bullet passed. The following shows a break down of the frames of the Zapruder film: - The Presidential limousine first comes into view at frame 133 (the starting point of this timeline.) - The first shot at (or just before) Z187 would have passed through both Governor Connally and the President. - The second shot, which passed above the limousine at Z284, missed the President and hit the curb near witness James Tague. This caused his minor wound. - At Z313, the fatal shot occurs, which blew out major portions of the Presidents brain and skull. - A fourth shot occurred at Z323 (slightly 1/2 second after the fatal wound at Z313). Due to the proximity of this report to the one at Z313, as well as it's more distant origin, most witnesses were unable to hear this shot. Thus, the above is when the bullets hit either Kennedy or Connelly, or passed through the frames of the Zapruder film (in the case of the second shot). Of the one-hundred seventy-eight (178) witnesses at Daley Plaza, one-hundred thirty-two 132) said that they hear exactly three shots. If Oswald was a single gunman, it would have taken him at least 2.3 seconds to reload his Mannlicher Carcano rifle. However, the general consensus of the witnesses is that they heard a single shot, followed by silence, with the second and third shots bunched together. For example, Lee Bowers, one of the witnesses, testified, "I heard three shots, one, then a slight pause, then two very close together." Also, Warren W. Taylor, a Secret Service agent, said, "As a matter of course, I opened the door and prepared to get out of the car.